Destination America:5 -- City of the Big Shoulders
- Publication date
- Willowdale, Ont. : Heritage Visual Sales
- color: Problematic sound: Good synch: Good notes: Red/green balace is wrong on reel 1. Green balance is too high on reel 2. Sound on reel 2 is wobbly.
- I. Know. That you. Do. Stanley's saw good never went back to Poland again. He married and raised a family in Chicago. Some Henry two daughters and four grandchildren. Angel food and coffee for him rich but not the apple cake and bulk of the old country. Little in recycling grew up in the one nine hundred twenty S.. A Chicago boy was no memories of potent he lived near the loop the center of the city in a crowded immigrant Danny. I was born on O'Brien's Street which is right next to my actual street next to do it's going to God the house you know that's gone. Expressway goes right through it. Bought three blocks north of of Brian Street one of the figures to be called bunker street and we lived in one house there for about six months and then moves a couple of doors down the block where I live there were eighteen allow of the. Average going with the six flat tenement there but they're always in the center of the front we live in a third floor in a bank and I watch the Board of Trade go up more than a hotel which is since been torn down the forty five story hotel this was the early twenty's one of the big building boom you could hear the riveting guns all night. It was very congested and the name of it and before we got there there were two holes of on every lot of them to be a six letter in front of the maybe or two fled wasn't home in the back of a lot of people. Who ran right through a whole series of nationality just walking within blocks of each other you'd start but the Jewish people look along your own macro and fourteen very. Tailored to the explosive. Was an exciting place. Rolling little gangs of these an Italian boys one and particular that I can use I ran afoul of a couple of times but way develops a sixth sense you know the you know just could see a situation coming up and is nowhere to stay away. In the twenty's. Italians Jews and Irish all of their own gangs from simple kids gangster notorious grownup gangs like the syndicate the polls are not that organized. I don't remember Polish game for most just don't seem to work together. There's always this this rivalry. The I just couldn't visualize. A gang leader all there have been some Yeah. But not in a Polish game. There were there were few and it got up in the Senate get a course they didn't stay and live very long. Funerals for some reason stick in my mind but I never seen anything like that before or since. They were big enough brother they were. Together and. Your brother's. Flower current long first session we we're sick on flowers cards alone. Run into the seventies most of the flowers are given by the people of bump them off. Be hungry thirties. Everyone in America was affected by the Great Depression. Chicago daily HOF the workers were out of work. On a scale suffered most of all. It was a bad time for everyone but the times are even worse if you're an immigrant and couldn't speak English. Phil just costs can add to act as interpretive respect and so he was only eight years old and battle with Chicago's relief system on his own. I would say that we had a particular problem because I noticed after a few days. Of going to one particular aid office which was on A.D.T. six and Commercial Avenue which later became a Buick automobile agency and we had signed in with our Polish name. Effort two days and after spending a couple hours each day we were told we couldn't get waited on those particular days. So all I did was take a close look of the name plates on people's desks of course I didn't expect to see an ass K.-I on any one of them because the Irish were forming their power than and already had most of these jobs and it's likely that we were singled out. For days. Wait because of our Polish name so the next time we signed him I decided to sign in under an Irish name and when I design in under the Irish name it was just a matter of minutes that we were called and we were sitting at the caseworkers desk but of course when I. When it comes to filling out the forms I was giving out my mother's and father's Polish name and then to swim and hesitates and she says Oh wait a while I thought your name was so-so the Irish name I gave which is no I can't recall I says well yes that's mining but I'm here as an interpreter for these people who are seeking the aid so I guess she was kind of embarrassed and decided well she go on with the for melodies and it was soon after that and it was forthcoming. Pulls had little say in how the city was government even less and how its laws were enforced. Chicago police are there are a way of keeping law and order. The young Phil just cos you discover that firsthand I got slapped around quite a bit in this mostly by Irish cops we get stopped and if you just voice yourself a little bit you get belt across the miles. Because the first scene did ask you was for some identification of what your name is and. Then you've given the name and soon as they recognize the ask is being polished and the connotative it was something dirty and did waste no time and tell yo I just left I want to see you and a sneer would you goddamn Paul luck. And I didn't like the idea of being called a that name and I told the cop that they listen you better not come be any names because I go as I please where I please when I please. Saw he did dislike me again. And he was too much for me to be and I was about thirteen years old so it was then that I decided that I was going to be a little more vigilant of more rights I would familiarize myself with my rights and it would be nobody on earth that I will not challenge into future regarding my rights. Stand up opposed to hear it sung every Sunday in the choir mostest P.C. less costly local politician and successful businessman. The little. P.C. was born in Fallujah the heart of Chicago so Polish community the fifth. Novel like many polls has moved away from the area. I definitely had my mind made up as a young man that I was going to better myself. Become educated become somebody somehow somewhere I was going to climb over that wall of. Just common common labor common person you know me when I joined the Air Farce. Especially in my group were too many polls as cadets. And lo and behold. The first. Kept the risks that I felt saying so many of the bodies being washed out of pilot training I made up my mind that I had this what basis would be. Dest to me personally to be washed out. Thank God I was gifted a sled a CLI which helped me in the flying characteristic and of course I latched myself onto a very brilliant. German boy who an upper classman who taught me all the things that I should know. And I graduate I was successful then I got to be an instructor and always it felt good to see that S.K. I the end of my name. Amongst all the other nationalities stuck out like a sore thumb I was and satisfied with just being an instructor I fall and cheered for combat. Wanted marks I can so I got to be a bomber pilot I wasn't satisfied with just being a bomber pilot I wanted to be a leader and I got to be a group leader for my last nineteen missions of the forty long lines that I had in the Pacific and it was good to see that. Laskoski up there at the top of the formation when the puppy to advance down this gave me great pride I felt that ethnicity I thought that nationalistic feeling. That a. Kid from Emigrant Polish parents has become a group leader in the United States Air Force as a lieutenant colonel. And it was quite a quite a thrill for me and I shouted I definitely felt see Polish in me. The polls remember with pride the first war they fought for America. Chicago's Polish Museum celebrates the heroes of the war for American independence. Poleski an aristocrat adventurer who fought and died for America against the petition seventy seven tonight. Another pull fought in the Revolutionary War General cautious go a friend of George Washington and Thomas Jefferson a modern hero has a room to himself The Pianist better rescue this is the other day if you're on now I think now because originally that flood the entire museum. They even tar out of four or five wall in recycling delivered mail for thirty four years when he retired in one thousand seventy one A became a guide to the Polish museum to his job he's discovering Poland's history learning what he can be proud of it is ethnic passed like other Americans. So I think it's this giant for black power that started all this when they try to find their identity you know. Foals and Spanish and whoever looked at their own culture and saw my gosh we've got a much richer heritages and there's you know that's sort of everybody's there in the beginning of this little bit it really catches you after a while. And this is very bad that he died on a Sunday afternoon Sunday evening. Over here you see is the last piano he played on I understand he plated the morning he die he felt pretty strong that morning he told a sister and they could go to charity and leave him and he got up and playing. The polls had a risk it was more than a great position it was a state's first prime minister the new independent Poland up to the first world war the Patriot solace told. Visitors that come in there that's just reach out and touch went just the same thing that's been asking flags piano. You have to be there alone after hours you can see it. Feel him there with all the pictures are on the wall and you know looking down it soon as piano standing there. You. Know. Polish people brought a lot of culture shock a lot of hard work lot of devotion to their jobs because they work from the hearts are proud of their work their finished products. Sure their workers say don't depend on the street sweeper to come along and sweeter curves. They get out there for five minutes or ten minutes with a shovel on a broom. They are the original street sweepers we wouldn't need any here this is a way to Paul's fail. Not to probably become great artist see how much money they can earn. In this world and the idea is a to live to be able to pay your bills enjoy yourself the greatest pride of a Polish families to on their own they just despised being a rat or have a place where they can't call the wrong. Most polls live in the city of scouts now it's only in the past twenty years they've abandoned those little Poland their grandfathers created when they first settled in Chicago. The old Polish neighborhoods have been taken over by new commas put an unskilled like oppose ones where themselves. Opposed don't want to stay at the black element is growing rapidly in the city and I find it a little difficulty they can't stand the harassment. Crime claims they run away and that's what's happening to the area. To area as being change into a. Mexican Puerto Rican Spanish kind of element. Maybe they just don't get along too well and they're just frightened. You know of course the people that are moving in feel probably like the posy Ed back in one thousand ten to migration and finding work here with the opportunities that didn't have back home. Him It's a repetition of history it's just a different nationality. Sorry just see it happened just for the sake of the churches that are being left behind they're practically inhabited by ghosts now on Sunday there down two hundred families two hundred families three hundred families were at one time they had four thousand families three thousand families. Me. Boy guys they the guy. And it gives him and say. Yeah. You know. That keep them as very difficult. Fines or not there. Were trying to keep them up as best as we can. They are some of the most beautiful churches in the world and I've seen a lot of churches all over this well. Holy Trinity. St Mary it's. Totally enters. Say chair and can't use it almost wants to make you. Cry. Aims to be a saying anything all I don't know what a still last call we didn't use our net the parks work at and the Irish right. I had friend a very good friend and I'm still friends with her was Irish who is Irish and one time I was in her house you know piracy and last time was working very hard and somebody said why don't you quit you're working like a poll on. That I think there have been so many times because of polish. There's there's been a rash of Polish jokes. Is one a bottle he'll pull came home unexpectedly found. His wife with a lover. So he took out a gun and he said but it is his is somehow just know where your next. Try to a tried to push me the opponents a stupid person and they could just as easily pick some other national new way to do it to us. Leo is going to anyone. Chicago is is enjoyed a great reputation. Place where you can earn a good living. Can it must be your own fault. The polls are founded a good haven for bettering themselves. Most of your peers. Cast in a mall and your person to be still bit because your power and you stayed there are most of your life that will have to be something. To an able to cry out I am magine died at age seventy was if I was still in Poland. I'd be a hell of a shame. There is no country like United States. I don't think you're going to find many other countries and radio surveyor so I figure that's the best place to be clear you are you going to have your family you're given some kind there's your case and any previous You can you can make sound take. No way I am very grateful that my father worked hard to get his Here we have to work till But then if you don't work you don't accomplish anything he had to do one way or another easier if the hard gathering easy Jackie gosh you don't have the brains for an easy when you got to put you back to it and he gets there. Sure they are. The. Between the Great Lakes a grand tour and the rand prairie a living light of skyscrapers stamp spotting the blue dusk with checkers of yellow streamers of smoke and sober parallelograms of night for a watchman singing a soft moaning song I am a child a belonging. The hands of men took hold and tugged and the breaths of man went into the junk and the junk stood up into skyscrapers and ask Who am I am I a city and if I am what is my name and once while the time whistles blew and blew again a man answered long ago we gave you one aim long ago way to laugh and say you your name is Chicago. We're. A every year. Chicago's Old Folks. Eighty nationalities live in the city. Nolan bucked. A. Marriage which a date on Irish when he's ruled Chicago for over twenty years. The fan I was his creation. The people of Chicago a problem for folks with the mayor ship to describe. A cosmopolitan city made up of many people with their own culture and their own background and that's what we think is the great story of Chicago because for hundreds she years many many people are for the coming into me the Irish. Always little a nice. Spanish speaking. I'm interested in. It's in the BE A GOOD. DAY FOR got the largest European group of old post. Eight hundred thousand posters live in Chicago more than any other city in the world as it was. Nearly a million off the pose of never really made the presence felt in the city where they've lived for a hundred years maybe we're not boastful review it were too much like I am like I am just a. Would you have done is nice to see some nice of much seriously a Democrat I am I did it surely didn't I mean we should do more of it on the table. T.V. maybe don't believe in the real thing you don't think different. Polls the late arrivals to Chicago most came with the beginning of the century. As many postgame this country and he did a menial jobs and did the hard work and they're the people who when Arthur nice little snake wonder free to work and build up the industry the stockyard every type of industry do most of all in there doing his bit. In one thousand nine hundred sixty goes the boomtown of. Gallons of military force to the swamp eighty years it was a little place. In the city of two million of the world's first skyscrapers the world's largest stock it boasts of having the biggest and best of every. Four to five of its people when new immigrants from your sons and daughters are getting. The first polls in Chicago. Clung to the language of the Catholic faith. They wanted to stay together. Wish it was the always had so they built the Polish church is sang that Polish him was. POLONIA their first settlement was a place to stay poach not to become a medic. Oh everybody spoke Polish run even the conductors on the street cars. And the milkman the people had delivered ice and packages everything wasn't Polish. Here's a as amazing was Act Little Poland here. The people. That time my parents they had a language barrier. That could be spread out too far or attend college is or what to better themselves because first of all the sacrifice they made there was quite a drain on them physically. And secondly they had families they had to feed. You know. The mouth. That's something the copiable to Casa last year were both born in Poland she came to America in one hundred six. He came in one hundred twelve in Poland they lived in neighbouring villages they might never admit they don't come to Chicago. I meant Walter because Wall Street runtime took my girlfriend and me to the Hill and cards when he we got out he says will take the girlfriend home first took me home less and that's how we started to date and then coming around he talks about different places with my folks. What parts of Europe he came from the North Pole and it was so this day and he and I were born thirty posts by and we belong to like in the same county we were both born there you go that's how we met you see not even knowing that we were from there. Won't it was fourteen when he came to Chicago to work in the stockyards is just a Sophie was nine. Wall to them Sophie came to join the father so it will to his wife a copy of the fathers of worked in Chicago for years to have the money to bring their families over that when we got to Chicago all my father was and I want to meet me for some reason our weather because your night so nice like they sell. We had no idea how to get your my mother had the address. But we just know that you're all how tools what kind of transportation to take so there were these enterprising peddlers value in all our guy with the. Where I again you're always found boring your destination was the city's going to take in going to cost you so much and so much so instead of coming fly free car or whatever he got some of us. Black it is all men are the luggage and all that means that I love it it seemed like it took forever. Down forty third nationally and as the wagon full of his nose the horse always excuse saw just three style allowing green orange green orange wars. My father was in bed when we got there and. They have borders paramedics to sleep and ships those that were they slept that night. Those at work nights days and the quilt he had was so wholly us those tangled up in the. Future is never that one of the yeah I had a member. I was disappointed. Because if. You're my seven America I think a Cowboys fan and they acted show we've never come to be in the magazine when I say that when I come here on have it's attack and I fear I was it's a boy. No cowboy just how. To do stockyards slaughtered and dressed on the most recent time Middle West can ship them to the world. Didn't have to know how to read or write or even speak English she just had to do hard to knock most work. And you have to live in the west part of the city. At that time everybody burn coal you know all the yards all the slaughterhouse. And on some days one the pressure was blow that smoke spread around just like the. Smell was terrible when the wind just picked the right direction why and we get it in the house for a few black down you'd get it. They didn't hand no garbage can be anywhere you could put your garbage in everything was out to get back to this you know was more fries you couldn't pass by for the fly. And we'd have been in the house. Plenty to because there were no strained in the wind is for and he had to shoot the flies out so they wouldn't get into our food. Is to change the channel and on the streets you know for every day. Like get a nap and I asked actually and went to meet Mr to harp on and on and you. Know and nobody every ship cleaned and. That was no street and when. I try day it was dusty right. When it rains. Yeah at the node to the coroner one way or the other in order to get across to me if you were going in winter he didn't have good all very soon. You'd be mocked up to your knees are homeless now was no consideration given to the human conference as far as the surroundings are concerned. As a six year old boy and eight hundred ninety six Stanley site and came to America. Within four years his father still whether it was dead in the family was been a loose. His mother had to send Stanley to an orphanage when he left after two years he spoke English like to American ways. His mother had remarried who was about to return to Poland. Twelve year old Stanley had already made up his mind he wanted to stay in America. That was what I hope they got along great for a boy is there my first step father took three there. Explain the thing if so the owner of that I'm very he says I'm going on my command I will. I work battle on group for three years. My for all of them boys come back from Europe there was a half a dozen car more. My age or maybe younger doubt I they all wrote for it than Irish or coupe copper there while I was making sure and I have had I have I think I got up to three dollars a week there or make a combined cents an hour. Nine cents an hour ten hour day twelve hour and I came out comes up like six dollars a week throughout the whole I save Why should you work for one day like that comment to the Hoover or that like chided hours sorry ever after. Was. Very close. Well it's unlike before was a car learned for a lot of greed. This was a head it was hard work you get caught and tired. And we were. Pull rooms were the bottom of the totem pole but I heard they were they had the main that's jobs and I rethink it was hard to get a good job for a fall off it was all right. Irish German That al the best job. We had Irish Wilder I don't furnace heat Fergus had three they want tricks to mine it's an off half hour we've learned I have to hire short term bond for one German to Irish. Never of. Their a war. Hungary and it's I just recall them and that's some good friends or something else. They're about on the same level without street at the same way. I don't remember having a guy he's there and I are sure German friend. Are bullish. I am with the steel Micha caucus which. I and all came from Minnesota for men to put the bonuses came from Eastern Europe. Your mother tongue right get a general human title because Phil just cost you as a child of steel box. His father was a Steelman sixty years ago like six boys in the family all follow their father spot fires to work in Chicago steel mills. The Irish ethnic groups. Overhead to better jobs because the Irish claim to Chicago has already been laid and a most of them were American born anyway there are probably second generation C. and they already had benefits of better education which are further them into a better financial position. Most of the original polls that came over to this country. Weren't equipped for any skills so a person and doesn't have any skill is not in a position to make any demands. For the union days the company's attitude was so that you come to work tomorrow if I got something for you to work in the fight on tome your goal and that used to happen quite often. I remember my father would go to war and was a lunch I remember his needing to home. Yes And then. That he was back home again because for every man that had a job there are probably two more waiting for so they knew a different label market in Chicago was quite plentiful and you could you are expendable. You expend. Low pay when you were sicko hurt the money when you're out of a job though they were too old to work even you yourself feel willing to wait all day for the job would never came. It helps if you do the boss of the form of the telecom. The tilt of the spoke English. My father didn't know the language he had no special skills you know so he wanting I guess to get his family together. Took anything that. Would be offered to him and the army T.R. he could get was the dirtiest job that was available because of his limitations and I think one of the jobs that he did of and contributed to sharpening his life because one has a job see had that I know for sure that he dead for a time he one day darling staves to cope the stones and scratch for fertilizer and that he had to get into these hot tanks acted they were an eight and he had to clean them out so I think that helped and there after he left there he worked at Swift and he worked on the ice in. The four refrigerator cars were. And he would go to war before we ever got up and he wouldn't come home until after we were and then. Many times because there was no such thing as pain for overtime Your those many hours a day of work and if you were told. And I think that's kind that. Hard work that. I love me I think it helped your life. Well bulletin ski as a local politician who lives near the strict where he was born. His father came to Chicago in one hundred ten as a young man of twenty. Well I think in my father was very ambitious and he wanted to make his way. Evidently my grandfather must have told him that there is great promise for young men that she's going to come out there and try to make his way in the he could defeat work harder than he could get it. It was a venture and he was quite a gentle thing that I think that he just wanted to make a good life for himself. Bob's father is eighty five. That's. We're looking for five. He's had a stroke. I'm now lives in a mill people's hope. He did farm work in Poland. Chicago he worked in steel. He started as a lever and it was able to show his proficiency has ways of doing electrical work us trust in work all this kind of mechanic or that he went to school to study the machines machinery he became a machinist is by going to school with the working of a tank in assume most. Joker if you give it to me with a man named Yeah I'd give it their way then let them know that it's you know there was I also know that when he did go to visit his homeland I know that he took some money with him to help his parents out there are expenses. I needed in my family that was pretty well to do it at times because he was able to make this trip. It was a lot of the second we saw him off at the train station the warre what they call a sealer straw hat which is a hard straw hat and that was a an example of a big dressed up. When he came into a pole and then to show himself to his friends he was very well dressed in a salon and question at it next time which is something they didn't see around there. It was a probably an average on his pipe to make yourself look prosperous and try to impress his post. I see no was his main purpose in going back to it to show and he was successful he was able to come back and help him and I. Believe at that time when when he did come they were in the. It with poverty there I have my dad left home of poverty in the when he returned he was soon it we. At. The beginning of this century Poland as a country did not exist. Once powerful people had been crushed and impoverished by a hundred years of occupation by Russia Germany and Austria. Three million POWs emigrated to America before the First World War. For those who stayed to life was all a bit of press if with no hope of change. In one thousand nine hundred eighty Stanley psych and and enough money in America to visit voters they wanted to see his old village the houses mother had built she returned from America. Stanley was eighteen. Well the home that I went to it was a log cabin but it had two rooms had a it had a wooden floor arrow their rooms. Head had curtains some Dalek doesn't believe it or not may be the only house set new records the mother brought from this country had a lot of things they brought over. I credit for that said there are all heat Northwood in the sports and well we had so ver ordered with They've brought all that they were Polish so thin that it was like a razor blade I was afraid they need to put that forward. Had a how we have things from America. Have their houses around there were all course log cabins. Troops I didn't like. It was a sort of home girl like you say you walk. But for playing for R.'s zero point eight floors. So I had to have. Very good time I don't post on bed to know just messed up America that's almost. Like being away from all that really met something and I remember one now about the third week the boys why school right here. They sent me to complete Sunday no spite present all the jokes at all like the Pittsburgh reader and neither would. I give up products right from our houses. What trees had to give up turn laid down under John trays and I even read the water that. It's all ice but I can't for weeks or to have my purse. I got third March last March someone or I think I left the September. And glad to get away from Poland. That was as I say I suppose to be my country but I always considered America by contrast they were already there at all of the couldn't even feed our family. America could.
- Destination America:5 -- City of the Big Shoulders
- Run time
- Internet Archive HTML5 Uploader 1.6.3
- Worldcat (source edition)
Subject: Use in non-commercial student film
Sorry to bother you. I am a student of MA Ethnographic and Documentary Film, UCL, UK. I am now working on a non-commercial student documentary film on immigration, and hope to use a few seconds of footage from your video in my film. And now I hope to know what your opinion is!
Thank you very much
Uploaded by associate-yvonne-wang on